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Us outlook puts new long term ecb loans on money market agenda

Some money market players are betting the European Central Bank will offer banks new long-term loans (LTROs) to counter upward pressure on short-term interest rates from the Federal Reserve's stimulus reduction. The U.S. central bank is expected to trim its $85 billion-a-month asset purchase program at its Sept 17-18 meeting, in a move seen as the beginning of the end for ultra-loose monetary policy employed by major central banks around the world. Investors are generally expecting those policies, put in place to help economies withstand the fallout from the global financial and eurozone crises, to be phased out now the economic outlook has improved. But several banks including Barclays Capital and Societe Generale are recommending investors go against the view reflected in current money market rates that the ECB will not ease monetary policy any further."A lot of people have thrown in the towel on ECB easing, but they may have thrown it too early," said Vincent Chaigneau, head of fixed income and forex strategy at Societe Generale. If the Fed starts trimming bond purchases, short-term interest rates could return to this year's highs in coming weeks to reflect tighter global liquidity conditions. This would take some euro zone money market rates of two-year maturities or shorter above the ECB's 0.50 percent refinancing rate - a point at which investors begin to price in the probability of an ECB rate rise. This would be a trading opportunity for those who think the ECB could even ease policy. After the last ECB meeting, President Mario Draghi said the economic recovery was still very "green" and the recent peaks in market rates were "unwarranted". He also warned the ECB would be "particularly attentive" to liquidity conditions.

The ECB has promised to keep rates low for the foreseeable future or even cut them further. But with the economic outlook improving, analysts said a cut was unlikely given the bank's reluctance to make the move when the economy looked worse. The potentially more efficient step the ECB could take to keep a lid on rates is to inject cash into the banking system, where excess liquidity - the cash banks hold beyond what they need - is shrinking as banks repay the three-year loans they took at the height of the debt crisis."If we do start seeing the beginning of the Fed tapering cycle kicking in and the excess liquidity falling further then I would expect some kind of new LTROs at some point towards the end of the year," ICAP strategist Philip Tyson said. Another LTRO, however, would have to be more attractive than those being repaid for banks to consider it.

Barclays strategists, who also expect a new LTRO by the end of 2013 if money market rates keep rising, said it could be fixed to the 0.5 percent refinancing rate to make it attractive. Collateral requirements might also be relaxed, they said. Analysts say by fixing the rate of the LTRO, the ECB would achieve two things: it would inject cash into the system and it would enhance the credibility of its interest rate guidance."(A fixed rate LTRO) would be sending a message because it really ties them down," RBS strategist Harvinder Sian said. Excess liquidity last stood at 243 billion euros, slightly more than a quarter of what it was early in 2012 after banks took more than 1 trillion euros from two LTROs. Eonia rates have risen historically when it falls below 200 billion euros.

FORWARD Banks commonly express their views on ECB policy through one-year, one-year (1y1y) forward Eonia rates, which reflect where the one-year Eonia is expected to trade in one year's time - a period widely thought to encompass the time span of the ECB's forward guidance on interest rates. The rate was last just above 0.40 percent, down from last week's 2013 highs of 0.56 percent - a level which suggests markets expect a rate hike, according to JPMorgan's head of asset allocation Nikolaos Panigirtzoglou. Some poor U.S. data and uncertainty about who would succeed Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke sent the rate lower in recent days, but Panigirtzoglou expected it to resume rising after the Fed meeting."Is pricing in one rate hike too much for the ECB? If the ECB was uncomfortable, they would likely have done something about it already," he said. "Pricing two rate hikes would probably make them act, so maybe 65-70 basis points is a more likely (1y1y Eonia) level at which the ECB responds."At those levels, he would recommend betting the 1y1y Eonia rate would fall. Societe Generale and Barclays already do. The 1y1y Eonia traded as low as 0.07 percent in May, before the Fed first signalled it would reduce its stimulus.

Your money how to bank your childs money

When I told my 7-year-old that her wallet was getting full and it was time to open a bank account, her eyes widened. She wanted to know if she would be allowed to carry her own ATM card. Um, no. When transitioning from a piggy bank to handling a debit card linked to an active account, financial experts say it is best to start with a trip to a bank, but which one and when? Here are some steps to get this site Bank of Mom and DadDon't be in a rush to move away from the bookshelf bank, says financial literacy expert Susan Beacham. There are lessons to be learned from physical contact with money. Sticking with a piggy can be especially effective if you teach your kids to divide their money into categories. Beacham's Money Savvy Pig (this site) has four slots: save, spend, donate, invest. When you cannot stuff one more dime into the slots, it is time to crack it open and seek your next teachable moment.

2. Neighborhood convenienceMany adults bank online, but kids still benefit from visiting a branch, says Elizabeth Odders-White, an associate dean at the Wisconsin School of Business in Madison. Do not worry about the interest, Beacham says. "A young child who gets a penny more than they put in thinks it's magical. You're not trying to grow their money as much as grow their habits."Your second consideration should be fees. Your best bet may be where you bank, where fees would be determined by your overall balance and you could link accounts.

Another option is a community bank, particularly a credit union, which are among the last bastions of free checking accounts."The difference between credit unions and banks is that credit unions are not-for-profit and owned by depositors," says Mike Schenk, a vice president of the Credit Union National Association. At either type of institution, you could open a joint account, which would be best for older kids because it allows them to have access to funds through an ATM or online, says Nessa Feddis, a senior vice president at the American Bankers Association. (For more on credit options, see you could open a custodial account, for which you would typically need to supply a birth certificate and the child's Social Security number. Taxes on interest earned would be the child's responsibility, but likely would not add up to much on a small account. A minor account must be transferred by age 18 to the child's full control.

3. Big MoneyIf your child earns taxable income, the money should go into a Roth individual retirement account, experts say. There is usually no minimum age and many brokerage firms have low or no minimums to start an account. You can pick a mix of low-cost ETFs, and let it ride. Putting away $1,000 at age 15 would turn into nearly $30,000 by age 65, at a moderate growth rate, according to's retirement calculator. Not all kids can bear to part with their earnings, but there are workarounds. One tactic: a parent or grandparent supplies all or part of the funds that go into the Roth, akin to a corporate matching program. The other is to work with your child to understand long-term and short-term cash needs. That is what certified financial planner Marguerita Cheng of Blue Ocean Global Wealth in Potomac, Maryland, did with her daughter, who is now in her first year of college. While mom and dad pay for basic things like tuition, the teen decided to pool several thousand dollars from her summer lifeguard earnings, money from her on-campus job and gifts from her grandparents to fund several educational trips."She would make money investing, but it's only appropriate if you have a longer time horizon," says Cheng. "It's not even about the money, it's the pride she gets from paying for it herself."